ABOUT DYSLEXIA

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WHAT IS DYSLEXIA?

Dyslexia is a learning disorder that affects the ability to read, spell, write, and speak. Individuals with Dyslexia are often smart and hardworking, but they have trouble connecting the letters they see to the sounds those letters make. The following is a definition of Dyslexia from the International Dyslexia Association, "Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurobiological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction. Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede growth of vocabulary and background knowledge."

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DYSLEXIA WARNING SIGNS

If you are wondering if your child may have Dyslexia, below is a list of key warning signs or indicators for Dyslexia.


GENERAL:

  • Family history of reading difficulty

  • Delayed speech

  • Apprehension about attending school


IN PRESCHOOL:

  • Mixing up sounds in long words (such as bisgetti instead of spaghetti)

  • Trouble rhyming words

  • Persistent left/right confusion

  • Difficulty learning to tie shoes

  • Trouble memorizing the alphabet, home address or phone number


IN ELEMENTARY SCHOOL:

  • Reversing letters after the first grade

  • Slow, choppy, inaccurate reading

  • Frequent guessing at unknown words

  • Trouble remembering sight words

  • Terrible spelling

  • Slow, non-automatic handwriting

  • Difficulty finding the correct word when speaking

  • Especially messy bedroom, backpack, or desk


IN MIDDLE/HIGH SCHOOL:

All of the above, plus:

  • Limited vocabulary

  • Extremely poor written expression

  • Poor grades in many classes

  • Inability to master a foreign language

  • At risk for dropping out of school